Stress may be defined as any physical or emotional demand that requires some kind of adjustment. A stressor (event that produces a stress reaction) can be positive or negative. Positive stress is associated with outcomes that are expected to be positive. Negative stress is associated with expected negative outcomes that are beyond the control of most people.
Keys to effectively handling stress include:
Understand what stress is and how it affects you.
Improve your decision-making ability.
Master the ability to relax.
Maintain good physical health.
Enhance your self-concept.
Learn to communicate effectively.
Manage your time effectively.
Cultivate a sense of humour.
A variety of relaxation techniques can be used to help combat stress and create a more relaxed lifestyle. Examples of these techniques include:
It can be also be helpful to take regular time out to do things such as listening to music, having a massage or taking a bath.
Note: When stressed, many people use food as a “tranquilizer”. Although you may temporarily feel better when you do, the long-term results of using food as a coping mechanism can be disastrous.